Fumee Lake Natural Area


Wood Ducks ( Male-l Female-r)

Almost 150 species of birds have been observed within the Fumee Lake Natural Area. Some of these birds nest in the area while others are visitors for a short time during periods of migration. 

Classification of Bird Abundance Status
A - Abundant   C - Common  U - Uncommon  R - Rare

Classification of Breeding Bird Behavior
O - Species (male or female) observed during the breeding season; believed not to be breeding in the area
X - Singing male present in suitable nesting habitat during its breeding season
P - Pair observed in suitable nesting habitat during its breeding season
T - Permanent territory through defense
CO - Courtship behavior or copulation
N - Visiting probable nest-site
AG - Agitated behavior or anxiety calls from adults(s)
B - Nest building by wrens; excavation by woodpeckers
DD - Distraction display or injury feigning
ON - Occupied nest: adults entering or leaving nest site indicating incubating or brooding
AY - Attending young: adult carrying fecal sac or food for young, or feeding recently fledged young
NY - Nest with young seen or heard

BIRDS OF FUMEE LAKE
Family and Scientific Name Behavior Common Name Status
ACCIPITRIDAE Hawks and Eagles
Buteo jamaicensis
Buteo lagopus
Buteo platypterus
Circus cyaneus
Haliaeetus leucocephalus

NY
O
O
T
NY
Red Tailed Hawk
Rough-Legged Hawk
Broad-Winged Hawk
Northern Harrier
Bald Eagle
C
U
U
C
C

ALAUDIDAE Larks
Eremophila alpestris AY Horned Lark C
ALCEDINIDAE Kingfishers
Megaceryle alcyon AY Belted Kingfisher A
ANATIDAE Swans, Geese and Ducks
Aix sponsa
Anas acuta
Anas crecca
Anas discors
Anas platyrhynchos
Anas rubripes
Aythya affinis
Aythya collaris
Aythya marila
Branta canadensis
Bucephala albeola
Lophodytes cucullatus
Mergus merganser
Olor columbianus
Oxyura jamaicensis
AY
AY
CO
AY
AY
AY
CO
CO
CO
O
AY
CO
O
O
O
P
Wood Duck
Common Pintail
Green-Winged Teal
Blue-Winged Teal
Mallard
American Black Duck
Lesser Scaup
Ring-Necked Duck
Greater Scaup
Canada Goose
Bufflehead
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser
Whistling Swan
Ruddy Duck
C
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
U
C
C
U
C
R
R
APODIDAE Swifts
Chaetura pelagica P Chimney Swift C
ARDEIDAE Herons and Bitterns
Ardea herodias
Botaurus lentiginosus
Butorides striatus
AY
DD
AY
Great Blue Heron
American Bittern
Green Heron
C
U
U
BOMBYCILLIDAE Waxwings
Bombycilla cedrorum
Bombycilla garrulus
NY
X
Cedar Waxwing
Bohemian Waxwing
C
U
CATHARTIDAE American Vultures
Cathartes aura O Turkey Vulture C
CAPRIMULGIDAE Goatsuckers
Chordeiles minor
Caprimulgus vociferus
T
T
Common Nighthawk
Whip-Poor-Will
C
C
C
CERTHIIDAE Creepers
Certhia familiaris P Brown Creeper C
CHARADRIIDAE Plovers
Charadrius vociferus DD Killdeer C
COLUMBIDAE Pigeons and Doves
Columba livia
Zenaida macroura
AY
AY
Rock Dove
Mourning Dove
U
C
CORVIDAE Crows, Jays, Ravens
Corvus brachyrhynchos
Corvus corax
Cyanocitta cristata
Perisoreus canadensis
AY
AY
AY
O
American Crow
Northern Raven
Blue Jay
Gray Jay
A
C
C
R
FALCONIDAE Caracaras and Falcons
Falco sparverius ON American Kestrel U
FRINGILLIDAE Grosbeaks, Finches, Sparrows and Buntings
Cardeulis pinus
Cardeulis tristis
Cardinalis cardinalis
Carpodacus purpureus
Hesperiphona vespertina
Junco hyemalis
Melospiza georgiana
Melospiza melodia
Passerina cyanea
Pheuticus ludovicianus
Pinicola enucleator
Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Plectrophenax nivalis
Pooecetes gramineus
Spizella pallida
Spizella passerina
Zonotrichia albicollis
T
T
T
T
P
X
N
DD
N
N
P
NY
O
T
AG
P
Pine Siskin
American Goldfinch
Northern Cardinal
Purple Finch
Evening Grosbeak
Northern Junco
Swamp Sparrow
Song Sparrow
Indigo Bunting
Rose Breasted Grosbeak
Pine Grosbeak
Roufous Sided Towhee
Snow Bunting
Vesper Sparrow
Clay Colored Sparrow
Chipping Sparrow
White Throated Sparrow
C
C
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
R
C
U
C
C
C
C
GAVIIDAE Loons
Gavia immer AY Common Loon C
HIRUNDINIDAE Swallows
Hirundo rustico
Iridoprocne bicolor
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
Progne subis
Riparia riparia
Stelgidopteryx ruficollis
AY
AY
T
AY
AY
AY
Barn Swallow
Tree Swallow
Cliff Swallow
Purple Martin
Bank Swallow
Rough-Winged Swallow
C
C
C
C
C
C
ICTERIDAE Blackbirds and Orioles
Angelaius phoenicues
Dolichonyx oryzivorus
Icterus galbula
Molothrus ater
Quiscalus quiscula
Sturnella magna
AY
AY
AY
AY
AY
AY
Red-Winged Blackbird
Bobolink
Northern Oriole
Brown Headed Cowbird
Common Grackle
Eastern Meadowlark
A
U
C
C
C
C
LARIDAE Gulls and Terns
Larus argentatus
Larus delawarensis
O
T
Herring Gull
Ringbilled Gull
U
U
MELEAGRIDIDAE Turkeys
Meleagris gallopavo AY Wild Turkey C
MIMIDAE Mockingbirds and Thrashers
Dumetella carolinensis
Toxostoma rufum
NY
AY
Gray Catbird
Brown Thrasher
C
C
PANDIONIDAE Ospreys
Pandion haliaetus AY Osprey U
PARIDAE Titmice
Parus atricapillus AY Black-Capped Chickadee A
PARULIDAE Wood Warblers
Dendroica coronata
Dendroica magnolia
Dendroica palmarum
Dendroica pensylvanica
Dendroica petechia
Dendroica pinus
Dendroica striata
Dendroica virens
Geothlypis trichas
Mniotilta varia
Oporornis philadelphia
Seiurus aurocapillus
Seiurus noveboracensis
Setophaga ruticilla
Vermivora chrysoptera
Vermivora peregrina
Vermivora ruficapilla
Wilsonia pusilla
T
X
O
N
N
T
X
T
AY
O
N
AY
AG
P
T
X
T
T
Yellow Rumped Warbler
Magnolia Warbler
Palm Warbler
Chestnut Sided Warbler
Yellow Warbler
Pine Warbler
Blackpoll Warbler
Black Throated Green Warbler
Common Yellowthroat
Black and White Warbler
Mourning Warbler
Ovenbird
Northern Waterthrush
American Redstart
Golden Winged Warbler
Tennessee Warbler
Nashville Warbler
Wilsonís Warbler
C
U
C
C
C
C
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
U
U
C
U
PHASIANIDAE
Colinus virginianus X Common Bobwhite C
PICIDAE Woodpeckers
Colaptes auratus
Dryocopus pileatus
Melanerpes erythocephalus
Picoides pubescens
Picoides villosus
Sphyrapicus varius
AY
P
AY
B
CO
CO
Common Flicker
Pileated Woodpecker
Red-Headed Woodpecker
Downy Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker
A
C
U
A
A
C
PLOCEIDAE Weaver Finches
Passer domesticus AY House Sparrow C
PODICIPEDIDAE Grebe
Podilymbus podiceps AY Pied-Billed Grebe C
RALLIDAE Coots and Rails
Fulica americana
Porzana carolina
Rallus limicola
AY
AY
AY
American Coot
Sora
Virginia Rail
U
U
U
SCOLOPACIDAE Sandpipers
Actitis macularia
Capella gallinago
Philohela minor
X
T
O
Spotted Sandpiper
Common Snipe
American Woodcock
C
C
C
SITTIDAE Nuthatches
Sitta canadensis
Sitta carolinensis
AY
N
Red-Breasted Nuthatch
White-Breasted Nuthatch
C
C
STRIGIDAE Owls
Bubo virginianus
Strix varia
T
T
Great Horned Owl
Barred Owl
C
C
STURNIDAE Starlings
Sturnus vulgaris AY European Starling C
SYLVIIDAE Kinglets
Regulus calendula
Regulus satrapa
T
AG
Ruby-Crowned Kinglet
Golden Crowned Kinglet
U
C
TETRAONIDAE Grouse
Bonasa umbellus AY Ruffed Grouse C
THRAUPIDAE Tanagers
Piranga olivacea AY Scarlet Tanager C
TROGLODYTIDAE Wren
Troglodytes aedon
Troglodytes troglodytes
NY
O
House Wren
Winter Wren
C
C
TROCHILIDAE Hummingbirds
Archilochus colubris AY Ruby-Throated Hummingbird U
TURDIDAE Thrushes
Catharus fuscescens
Catharus guttatus
Hylocichla mustelina
Sialia sialis
Turdus migratorius
T
T
T
ON
AY
Veery
Hermit Thrush
Wood Thrush
Eastern Bluebird
American Robin
C
C
C
U
A
TYRANNIDAE Tyrant Flycatchers
Contopus virens
Empidonax flaviventris
Empidonax minimus
Myiarchus crinitus
Nuttallornis borealis
Sayornis phoebe
Tyrannus tyrannus
T
T
T
NB
O
AY
AY
Eastern Pewee
Yellow-Bellied Flycatcher
Least Flycatcher
Great Crested Flycatcher
Olive-Sided Flycatcher
Eastern Phoebe
Eastern Kingbird
C
U
C
C
C
C
C
VIREONIDAE Vireos
Vireo flavifrons
Vireo gilvus
Vireo olivaceus
Vireo solitarius
AG
AG
T
X
Yellow-throated Vireo
Warbling Vireo
Red-eyed Vireo
Solitary Vireo
C
C
A
C

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