Fumee Lake Natural
AreaFumee Lake and Little Fumee Lake (Forest Lake) are connected by a channel
and a culvert. The outlets for each lake are on their southern edges and they
converge to form Fumee Creek.
There are several springs and creeks that flow
into Fumee Lake. The largest is located at site B on figure 1. There is a spring
flowing into the north side of the lake located at site C on figure 1. A number
of artesian wells are located near sites B, D and E on figure 1. Two additional
artesian wells are located in the swamp at the west end of the Indiana Mine at
sites F and G on figure 1. The water from the swamp flows into the northwestern
edge of Fumee Lake.
The maximum depth of Fumee Lake is only 12 feet. Over half
the lake is only 5 feet deep. The lake bottom is covered by a light colored
flocculent material which remains suspended in the water column if disturbed.
This sediment appears to be unconsolidated and low in nutrients since aquatic
vegetation is notably sparse. Little Fumee Lake is much deeper than Fumee Lake.
The deepest part of the lake is over 30 feet ( see figure 2 for depth
comparison). The sediments of this lake are darker colored and more typical of
decaying aquatic vegetation.
Fumee Lake is so shallow that it does not stratify.
Stratification or layering is a process in which water's density is affected by
temperature. Water is most dense at 39o F (4 o C),
becoming lighter (less dense) as it warms. In the spring and fall, the
temperature of a lake is uniform. This allows for easy mixing of the water from
top to bottom. This happens by the water on top cooling and sinking while warm
water from the bottom rises to replace it. This mixing is important in
re-oxygenating the water and circulating nutrients. In the summer, the warm
water on top is separated from the cold water on the bottom due to differences
||Little Fumee |